Lighthouse In North Shields, Tyne And Wear
Decommissioned leading lights in North Shields.
If you've ever wandered around the North Shields fish quay, you might have spotted these 4 lighthouses. So we thought we would ENLIGHTEN you about their history. If you haven't got the FOGGIEST idea about them, read on and we might BRIGHTEN your day.
The High and Low Lights of North Shields are a pair of decommissioned leading lights. Leading lights are used in navigation to indicate a safe passage for ships and other vessels entering a shallow channel. The beacons consist of two lights separated in distance and elevation, so when they are aligned, one above the other, they provide a bearing for the ship.
The older pair of lights date from 1727 and were operational until 1810. The newer pair took over and remained in use until 1999.
There had been leading lights for many years in North Shields, however. In 1536, Henry VIII gave permission to the Guild of the Blessed Trinity (now Trinity House of Newcastle) to build a pair of lights in North Shields. The granting of the charter coincided with the dissolution of the monasteries, and materials from Blackfriars Monastery in Newcastle were used to build the towers. The pair of lights were used until 1608 and further repairs were carried out on them until 1726. They were replaced with the old lights which remain today.
The old lights were originally lit by candlelight when they came into use in 1727. Candles were replaced by oil lamps in 1773. By 1805, the lights no longer aligned, due to the changing position of sandbanks and the lights were decommissioned.
Construction of the new lights began in 1807 and were designed by local architect John Stokoe. The new lights were also powered by oil lamps until 1861, when oil was replaced by gas, and in 1927, the light was provided by electricity. The new 100,000 candle power lights had a range of 17 nautical miles or 31km.
To this day, the lights still serve as daymarks for vessels entering the Tyne. The Low Lights are located on the Fish Quay near the remains of Cliffords Fort (a 17th century gun battery and barracks); while the High Lights are at Dockwray Square on the ridge above the Quay.
The Old Low Light is now a heritage gallery and exhibition space. Entry is £4 and you can find out more on their website: The Old Low Light.
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The Old Low Light visitor centre is a 2 minute walk from the car park.
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Parking is available at Low Lights Car Park NE30 1JH.
Contributed by Sandra Clemens
I love the great outdoors and have been a National Trust & English Heritage member for years. I also love going off the beaten track and finding places like Sharp's Folly or Rothley Castle which are hidden gems in Northumberland. My favourite recent hike was climbing Red Screes in the Lake District on a whim, not fully grasping how high 776m was. It was still an achievement to conquer a Wainwright walk and I hope to do more one day.
A metal statue by Ray Lonsdale built as a memorial for fishermen lost at sea from North Shields.
A statue of the comedy icon and one half of the the legendary duo Laurel and Hardy, Stan Laurel to celebrate his time living in North Tyneside.
A defensive gun battery established near the mouth of the Tyne during the Anglo Dutch Wars in the 17th Century and used during various later conflicts.
A white pyramid daymark on the north east Emmanuel Head of Holy Island.
A 900m long pier protecting ships when entering the River Tyne at Tynemouth.
A stunning example of a lighthouse in Sunderland with a parabolic pier.
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